‘Jade’ is a term which refers to two different gemstones – jadeite and nephrite.
In its purest form Jadeite is white, but can also be shades of green, lilac, orange, red and black.
The word jadeite, first used to describe the gemstone in 1863, is derived from a Spanish saying ‘piedra de ijada’ meaning ‘stone of the side’ as it was said to cure kidney stones.
Jadeite, known as ‘the stone of heaven’ in Chinese and it symbolizes the five virtues of humanity: wisdom, compassion, justice, modesty and courage and symbols of these virtues are often carved into the gemstone.
Jadeite has been mined for over 3,000 years. In Central America as far back as 1500BC jadeite was being carved as use for tools, weapons and ceremonial masks. 'Imperial Jade' is the term for the finest quality jadeite.
Where is jadeite mined?
Today jadeite is being mined around the world, but specifically in Myanmar and Guatemala.
6 – 7 on the Mohs scale.
Red, Orange, Yellow, Green, Blue, Lilac, Black, White.
Birthstone and Anniversary Stone
Jadeite is traditionally given as a gift on the 12th wedding anniversary.