Traditionally associated with the yellow of the sun the ancient Egyptians said that topaz was the ston of the sun god Ra. Topaz was also one of the twelve scared breastplate stones of the high priests in the Book of Exodus. The name topaz supposedly derives from a island in the red sea, referred to in Roman times as topazos, in Sanskrit ‘topaz’ also means ‘fire’. In ancient Greece topaz was thought to increase ones physical and mental strength today topaz is said to represent mental harmony and balance.
The largest known topaz is the ‘American Golden Topaz’ and it is 22,892 carats, discovered in Brazil it is currently on display at the Smithsonian Institute in Washington D.C.
The name ‘Imperial topaz’ is given to medium reddish orange coloured topaz.
Where is topaz mined?
Topaz is largely being mined in Russia, Pakistan and Brazil.
Topaz is 8 on the Mohs scale.
Yellow, Orange, Pink, Green, Blue, Colourless.
Birthstone and Anniversary Stone
Topaz is the birthstone of the month November. Blue topaz is traditionally given as a gift on the 4th wedding anniversary and topaz is also a given on the 16th wedding anniversary.